INTANGIBLE ASSETS AND GOODWILL
|12 Months Ended|
Dec. 31, 2020
|INTANGIBLE ASSETS AND GOODWILL|
|NOTE 8 - INTANGIBLE ASSETS AND GOODWILL||
Goodwill arises from the purchase price for acquired businesses exceeding the fair value of tangible and intangible assets acquired less assumed liabilities.
Goodwill is reviewed annually for impairment or more frequently if impairment indicators arise. The Company conducts its annual goodwill impairment assessment as of the last day of the third quarter, or more frequently under certain circumstances. For the purpose of the goodwill impairment assessment, the Company has the option to perform a qualitative assessment (commonly referred to as “step zero”) to determine whether further quantitative analysis for impairment of goodwill or indefinite-lived intangible assets is necessary or a quantitative assessment (“step one”) where the Company estimates the fair value of each reporting unit using a discounted cash flow method (income approach). Goodwill is assigned to the reporting unit, which is the operating segment level or one level below the operating segment. The balance of goodwill at December 31, 2020 and 2019 was $6.17 million and $21.47 million, respectively and was attributed to the Cannabis reportable segment.
The table below summarizes the changes in the carrying amount of goodwill:
The Company tests for impairment annually on September 30, and between annual tests if the Company becomes aware of an event or a change in circumstances that would indicate the carrying value may be impaired. During the first quarter of 2020, the impact of COVID-19 on the retail industry as well as uncertainty around when the Company would be able to resume its normal operations contributed to a significant and prolonged decline in the Company’s stock price, resulting in the market capitalization of the Company falling below its carrying value. As a result, management determined that a triggering event had occurred as it was more likely than not that the carrying values of the Black Oak Gallery reporting unit exceeded its fair value. Accordingly, the Company performed a quantitative assessment of the fair value of Black Oak Gallery’s goodwill as of March 31, 2020 using a market capitalization approach. This analysis resulted in an impairment charge of $4.20 million recorded in the first quarter of 2020. The goodwill impairment charge was measured as the amount by which the carrying amount of the reporting unit, including goodwill, exceeded its fair value.
During the second quarter of 2020, COVID-19 and civil unrest in Oakland, California continued to have a material negative impact on the financial results of the Black Oak Gallery reporting unit. As a result, management determined that a triggering event had occurred as it was more likely than not the carrying value Black Oak Gallery’s goodwill exceeded its fair value. Accordingly, the Company performed a quantitative assessment of the fair value of Black Oak Gallery’s goodwill as of June 30, 2020 using an income approach. The analysis resulted in an impairment charge of $2.75 million recorded in the second quarter of 2020. The goodwill impairment charge was measured as the amount by which the carrying amount of the reporting unit, including goodwill, exceeded its fair value.
During the third quarter of 2020, COVID-19 and the aftermath of civil unrest in Oakland, California continued to have a material negative impact on the financial results of the Black Oak Gallery reporting unit. The Company completed its annual testing for impairment as of September 30, 2020 using the Guideline Public Company method. The results of the step one assessment indicated the carrying value of the reporting unit exceeded the fair value by $8.35 million as of September 30, 2020. As a result, the Company recognized an impairment charge of $8.35 million during the third quarter of 2020.
During the fourth quarter of 2020, Black Oak’s dispensary reopened and revenue climbed to levels seen in Q2, before the store was forced to close for repairs due to the rioting/civil unrest. There were no significant one-time events that took place in Q4 or significant fluctuations in financial metrics. The Company’s overall market capitalization increased from $14.8M to $29.68M. The overall outlook for the cannabis industry also improved during the fourth quarter of 2020, largely due to the election results (Joe Biden pledged to decriminalize marijuana at a federal level). Management assessed all intangible assets (definite-lived and indefinite-lived) and investments for potential impairment and concluded that there were no indications of impairment in the fourth quarter of 2020.
The impairment charges relating to goodwill and other assets are presented in the “Impairment of Assets” line in the Consolidated Statements of Operations.
Intangible Assets Net
Intangible assets consisted of the following as of December 31, 2020 and 2019:
Long-lived assets other than goodwill and indefinite-lived intangible assets, held and used by the Company are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of the assets may not be recoverable. The Company evaluates recoverability of assets to be held and used and if the carrying value is not recoverable, the Company fair values the asset and compares to the carrying value. If the asset is considered to be impaired, the impairment loss is measured as the amount by which the carrying amount of the asset exceeds its fair value. The analysis for impairment of long-lived assets other than goodwill and indefinite-lived intangible assets is the first impairment analysis performed and related impairment charges are recognized before the impairment of goodwill analysis.
During 2020, the impact of COVID-19 on the retail industry had a negative impact on our revenues and management was forced to limit store operating hours due to the pandemic. Management believes the COVID-19 outbreak will continue to have a material negative impact on the Company’s financial results. These factors, including management’s revised forecast for the future performance of our Black Oak Gallery reporting unit, indicated the carrying value of Black Oak Gallery’s customer relationships and trade name may not be recoverable. Management evaluated the recoverability of the customer relationships using level 3 inputs and a probability-weighted approach to assess the potential impact of a long-term decline in our existing customer base due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The recoverability test indicated that the book value of customer relationships exceeded fair value. As a result, the Company recognized
The company evaluates impairment of the Black Oak Gallery trade name using level 3 inputs and an income approach. The recoverability test indicated that the book value of the trade name exceeded the fair value. The Company recognized impairment charges of $4.15 million in 2020.
The Company recorded amortization expense of $2.55 million and $3.02 million for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively. Based solely on the amortizable intangible assets recorded as of December 31, 2020, the Company estimates amortization expense for the next five years to be as follows:
Actual amortization expense to be reported in future periods could differ from these estimates as a result of new intangible asset acquisitions, changes in useful lives or other relevant factors or changes.
The entire disclosure for goodwill and intangible assets.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef